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AMR vs AGV: Which Robot Suits Your Warehouse Operations Best?

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With online orders and e-commerce expanding, businesses are turning to automation, which can dramatically reduce fulfillment time, boost productivity and enhance customer satisfaction. As more retail and wholesale shifts online, warehouse automation provides transformative efficiency.

What is AMR?

Autonomous mobile robots (AMRs) can navigate warehouses independently without fixed paths, autonomously mapping spaces and transporting inventory. In warehouses, AMRs provide scalable solutions that support changing facility layouts and operations. They improve productivity by working continuously, reducing human worker's workloads. AMRs optimize product retrieval and placement, streamlining inventory management. As a result, warehouses achieve higher throughput, lower costs, and enhanced safety.

What is AGV?

Autonomous Guided Vehicles (AGVs) are self-navigating robots designed to streamline material handling in warehouses and other industrial settings. Programmed to follow specific routes, AGVs are equipped with sensors and fixed magnetic tapes or magnets to maneuver around obstacles autonomously, eliminating human errors that can cause mistakes when picking and loading. By automating material transport, AGVs optimize workflows to increase productivity significantly. This optimizes the supply chain throughput and enhances overall operational efficiency.

AMR vs AGV - The Fundamental Difference

When choosing between Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMRs) and Autonomous Guided Vehicles (AGVs), businesses need to consider their specific materials handling requirements, as each system has distinct features and advantages.


● Use cameras, maps and sensors to navigate freely and avoid obstacles

● Flexibility to select paths and continue operations despite layout changes without added infrastructure

● Ability to easily adjust to variable warehouse layouts or shifting production requirements.

● Autonomous decisions maximize efficiency through real-time route optimization


Follow pre-defined paths, using wires, or magnets embedded in floors

● Lower initial costs than AMRs but layout changes require infrastructure updates

● Safe operation around employees on separate paths, but less adaptability in dynamic environments

AMR or AGV - Which one should you choose?

When selecting automated transport solutions, there are things to consider, such as:

● Infrastructure investment capabilities

● The need for scalability and flexibility

● The level of collaboration between robots and human workers

Choosing between AMRs or AGVs for warehouse automation requires evaluating upfront costs, scalability, safety and advanced capabilities. AGVs efficiently automate fixed repetitive tasks, but for dynamic automation of complex changing processes, AMRs provide more intelligent and flexible solutions to optimize productivity.

Contact BPS Logistics Technology:

Ready to revolutionize your eCommerce warehouse operations? Contact BPS Logistics Technology today and step into the future of automated efficiency.


📞+852 2763 6874

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